and Disasters in Drinking Water and Sewerage Systems: Guidelines
for an Effective Response (PAHO, 2001)
In Latin America and the Caribbean, the combination
of natural hazards - earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions and
others - and highly vulnerable conditions all too often cause severe
damage to water and sanitation systems. Although many countries
already have developed emergency plans to respond to these situations,
recent disasters such as hurricanes Georges and Mitch (1998), the
Venezuela rainstorms and floods of 1999, or the El Salvador earthquakes
of 2001 have taught a bitter lesson - it is not enough to have emergency
plans; there must be certainty that such plans will work, and this
will only happen if they were based on the specific vulnerabilities
of the systems in question.
This joint publication of the Pan American Health
Organization (PAHO) and the International Division for Health in
Emergencies and Disasters (DIEDE) of the Inter American Association
of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering (AIDIS) is a practical
handbook for designing emergency and disaster response plans for
water and sanitation systems based on detailed knowledge of existing
hazards and vulnerabilities.
The book revises and supersedes previous technical
documents by PAHO and is an essential complement to Natural Disaster
Mitigation in Drinking Water and Sewerage Systems - Guidelines for
Vulnerability Analysis, published by PAHO in 1998.