health in emergencies and disasters (WHO, 2002)
volume distills what is known about environmental health during
an emergency or disaster. It draws on results from the International
Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, and on experience with sustainable
development between the two Earth Summits, in Rio de Janeiro and
Johannesburg. The volume is intenede for practitioners, as well
as for policy makers and researchers, and thus cobers both general
and technical aspects of environmental health.
Part I of this volume, a conceptual framework is presented for understanding
environmental health issues in the context of disaster management.
The framework covers the entire disaster-management cycle, from
preparedness and warning, to recovery and prevention. Guidelines
are also suggested for planning for and reducing the effects of
extreme events on public health, and practical guidance is given
in organizational and logistical matters. Throughout, the need for
flexibility and innovation at the local level is emphasized, combined
with solid advance planning. There is also a focus on the vulnerability
of populations during an emergency or disaster, with the implication
that such people have capacities and local knowledge tha should
be integrated into efforts to secure both environment and development
against extreme events. The creative potencial of balancing "top-down"
and "bottom-up" approaches is emphasized in chapters on
health promotion and community partcipation, and on human resources.
II of this book is a compendium of bestparactices and strategies
for risk reduction and response.
book will be useful in planning for, responding to, and recovering
from the movements of displaced persons and refugees in humanitarian
crises, as well as the floods, storms, earthquakes and other extreme
events that will confront health workers in the first decade of
the 21st Century. Given trends over the 1990s, it is unlikely that
humanity has seen the last of these challenges.