for Natural Disaster Mitigation in Rural Drinking Water Systems
In the formidable
struggle to reduce the damage caused by natural disasters in Latin
America and the Caribbean, certain areas and sectors are especially
relevant given the essential nature of the services they provide.
Drinking water systems are one such priority. This publication focuses
on natural disaster mitigation in rural water supply systems, which
have different characteristics and organization schemes from those
in urban areas.
The effects of natural
hazards on water systems - physical damage, chaos, disruption of
services, economic losses - are a real threat to the development
and health of the affected populations. Mitigation measures are
a necessity and, in many cases, an opportunity for sustainable human
Part One describes
the general characteristics of rural water supply systems, the most
common natural hazards in Latin America and the Caribbean, and their
impact on those systems. Part Two outlines a vulnerability assessment
method and shows how to apply it to water supply systems. Finally,
Part Three illustrates this approach with a successful case history
from a rural community in Ecuador's Andean region.
strives to serve the needs of technical and administrative personnel
in charge of managing and operating water systems in rural areas.